Roger Revelle - Climate Scientist
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Roger Revelle Page
I can't hope to do justice to Roger Revelle's name. I can, though, make links from this page to useful pages like the video above. Below I write a draft on Roger Revelle with some links to more information.
I think Mr. Revelle's Bikini Atoll studies influenced my interests in climate science more than any other event.
How do we know that CO2 does not quickly dissolve in the oceans? Finding the answer to this question would lead to many lines of scientific evidence; what we know today tells us that sea water is hypersensitive to change.
We should keep in mind that at one time United States government considered dumping radioactive waste into the oceans. Not only would all of the military nuclear waste go into the bottom of the seas, but commercially produced nuclear waste created to sell cheap energy.
In May 1955 a United States Navy nuclear "depth bomb" exploded off the bikini Islands led to important important climate science discoveries.
Other questions arose as a result of nuclear testing.
Before and during the Cold War the role of CO2's chemical alterations of sea water came as a footnote. Of greater concern, United States government sought to know if radioactive fallout contaminated fisheries or created tsunamis.
A debate about the absorption of CO2 by the earth's ocean remained until 1959. A 1957 science paper reported that CO2 in the atmosphere took from 16 hours to 1,000 to enter the oceans. But this pretty well amounted to an educated guess.
In sum, research carried out by Rover Revelle, a former US Navy Commander, pointed to bad news. "Radioactive waste introduced into the upper layer might remain there for many years, and would be diluted by a volume of water only 1/50 to 100 the volume of the ocean." What this would mean to claimant sciences that CO2
Before 1957, scientists studying atmospheric and ocean chemistry believe that human caused carbon dioxide additions to earth were captured to the oceans. There, these molecules would find their way to the bottom of the oceans and remain there sequestered for eons, if not dissolved. This idea would change as post-World War II science developed new ways of applying the earth sciences.
University of Chicago – during the 1950s Willard Libby and his collaborators studied radioactive carbon – 14 as a way of dating ancient materials. Behind the research stood anthropology, archaeology, and even the United States Air Force. These diverse interests each sought dating tools. For its part, the Air Force sought a way of detecting residues from Soviet nuclear bomb tests. So as it turned out the world of evidence-based science generated techniques for dating human development as well as nuclear bomb tests.
Note – The Sun's cosmic rays renew carbon-14 in the atmosphere. These rays create isotopes as carbon-14's nitrogen atoms convert to an isotope. This bit of information becomes important for measuring CO2 in the oceans.
Enter Hans Suess - while studying fossil fuel contamination in recently cut forest trees, Hans Suess and others found news. Ancient coal contaminants lost their radioactive carbon-14 as it decayed. No sunlight, no renewal of carbon-14's isotopes. Now, the possibility of measuring CO2 in the oceans became apparent. So Carbon–14 provided the measuring stick for measuring carbon-14 in the oceans. Rover Reville becomes the next link in the chain of CO2 chemistry in the oceans.
The U.S. Navy's Office of Naval Research (ONR), the natural patron for any research related to the oceans, south radioactive information on the state of the oceans. The cold war was in full swing, after all.
Ocean Acidity – A complex soupy mix of chemicals, carbonate ions derived from CO2 play a part in this mixture. Saddly for the intergenerationals, adding CO2 to the oceans increases sea water acidity. Acids break down the calcium compounds used for shell growth.